Tennis For Two By Angel De La Cruz and John Ryan Abstract Tennis for Two was one of first video games ever created. It was built in 1958 by William Higinbotham in Brookhaven National Laboratory using an oscilloscope, vacuum tubes and transistors.
In the year 1958– fourteen years before the 1972 debut of Pong— a physicist named William Higinbotham demonstrated a remarkable video game called Tennis for Two. Higinbotham, head of the Instrumentation Division at Brookhaven National Laboratory, designed his game as an exhibit to improve what was an otherwise lackluster visitors’ day at the lab. Tennis for Two presented a tennis court– shown from the side– on an oscilloscope screen, where handheld controllers allowed the two ...
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Before 'Pong,' There Was 'Tennis for Two'. Before the era of electronic ping pong, hungry yellow dots, plumbers, mushrooms, and fire-flowers, people waited in line to play video games at roller-skating rinks, arcades, and other hangouts. More than fifty years ago, before either arcades or home video games, visitors waited in line at Brookhaven National Laboratory to play “Tennis for Two,” an electronic tennis game that is unquestionably a forerunner of the modern video game.
The concept of this Tennis for Two is to allow the two players to toss the ball to each other continuously in an oscilloscope display. The AVR ATmega168 microcontroller is the brain of this project where two handheld controllers are connected. A knob and button is included in each handheld controller. The output from the AVR is being taken by the digital to analog converter as is also used to drive the scope.
After reading an instruction manual that accompanied a Systron-Donner analog computer, William Alfred Higinbotham was inspired to design Tennis for Two, the first computer game to utilize handheld controllers and to display motion. It was also the first game to be played by general public, in this instance, attendees of “visitors day” at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in 1958.
The Tennis for Two Simulator (TeTS) has two modes: player vs. CPU and player vs. player. You can alternate between them with the switch on the righthand controller. First, click on one of the two silver buttons to make the ball to appear. If playing CPU mode, click on the dial on the lefthand controller. This dial controls the angle of the ball when hit.
1958 video game Tennis for Two Tennis for Two on a DuMont Lab Oscilloscope Type 304-A DesignerWilliam Higinbotham PlatformAnalog computer Release NA: October 18, 1958 GenreSports ModeMultiplayer Tennis for Two is a sports video game that simulates a game of tennis, and was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. American physicist William Higinbotham designed the game in 1958 for display at the Brookhaven National Laboratory's annual public exhibition after learning